International event in the ESPE d’ Aquitaine (2)

Meeting with two teachers of Samsun University in order to speak about children’s literature : 

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           Literature for children is enjoyed by adults and children but must be adapted to the cognitive development and the social abilities of the children. Three important researchers have worked on childhood’s evolution. Jean Piaget was interested in the intellectual and cognitive development of the child which he defines in four stages : the sensorimotor period, the preoperational period, the period of concrete operations and the period of formal operations. Children’s Books can be classified according to these various stages. Yet, Erik Erikson worked on the child’s social development. From his side, Lawrence Kohl wrote about the development of the moral judgment of children. However, they can be classified in different genres and subgenres like in adult literature as novels, poetry, fantasy… In the 19th century book for children didn’t exist. This idea emerged from two philosophers, J. Locke and J.J Rousseau and the early 19th century became the “golden age” of literature for children with the Grimm brothers, H.C Andersen. Nowadays, many awards exist in the world to encourage children literature’s writers.

 

La littérature de jeunesse est appréciée des enfants autant que des adultes. Néanmoins, elle doit s’adapter aux différents stades de développement de l’enfant. Certains chercheurs comme J. Piaget, E. Erikson et Lawrence Kohl se sont penchés sur ce sujet. Pour Piaget, quatre stades se succèdent dans le développement de l’enfant : la période sensorimotrice, la période préopérationnelle, la période des opérations concrètes et pour finir, la période des opérations formelles. C’est donc en fonction de ces différents stades de développement que les livres pour enfants sont classés par genre et sous-genre (les livres d’éveil, les comptines, les contes, les fables, la science-fiction…). Au XIXème siècle, les livres pour enfants n’existaient pas, c’est pourquoi, avec les deux philosophes Locke et Rousseau, est apparu l’âge d’or de la littérature de jeunesse dont les plus représentatifs sont les frères Grimm et H. C. Andersen. De nos jours, de nombreux prix récompensent les écrivains et les illustrateurs de littérature de jeunesse.

See the slideshow :  Literature for Children (1)

@lucie_ruffin @jbourguet @Lefebvrechris16

International event in the ESPE d’ Aquitaine (1)

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Meeting with two teachers of Samsun University in the context of the Erasmus European Programme : 

 

Ms. Zerrin Eren and M. Mufit Semel came from the University of Samsun in Turkey on an Erasmus Mobility Programme from 16 to 19 September 2013. The University of Samsun or (OMU : Ondokuz Mayis Universitesi ) was established in 1975. Today, with over 40.000 students and 2 000 academic staff, it’s one of the leading universities in Turkey in terms of staff quality and number, in academic, social facilities and infrastructures. Besides, with 15 faculties the internationalisation represents one of the main objectives that’s why OMU wants to develop and be recognised on the international level. Being aware of the importance of creating knowledge and technology as well as increasing the international imployability of its graduates, continuous development of education and research quality is of utmost importance. The University also encourages the students and staff to experience international cultures and communication and interaction are at top level. 

In this context M. Mufit Semel and Ms. Zerrin Eren came to Merignac’s Espe. The Erasmus European programme offers the possibility of studying or working abroad in another country. It’s a very good experience to travel in a country. It allows students or teachers to meet diverse partners, to discover a different culture from theirs but also to exchange with foreign students as well as professors. 

Teaching staff mobility enables staff to spend a teaching period between 1 day – or at least 5 teaching hours – and 6 weeks at a higher education institution in another participating country. This programme aims at encouraging higher education institutions to broaden and enrich the range and content of the courses they offer, to promote the exchange of expertise and experience on pedagogical methods, to create links between higher education institutions and the enterprises and to motivate students and staff to become mobile and to assist them in preparing a mobility period.

 

@lucie_ruffin @jbourguet @Lefebvrechris16